Polynomials, like everything else in Matlab, is represented as a vector. The polynomial

3 3 x - 4 x + 5

is represented by the vector `[3, 0, 4, 5]`.

Polynomial functions are:

Function | Comments | Example |
---|---|---|

conv | Compute the product of two polynomials | conv( [3 5 2], [3 0 0 2 3] ) |

deconv | Compute the quotient and remainder as a result of dividing the 1st polynomial by the 2nd | deconv( [3 0 0 2 3], [3 5 2] ) |

poly | Create a polynomial having the given roots | poly( [3 5 2 3] ) |

polyder | Differentiate the given polynomial | polyder( [3 5 2 3] ) |

polyval | Evaluate the polynomial at a point or points | polyval( [3 5 2 3], 3.235 ) |

polyvalm | Evaluate the polynomial at a matrix | polyvalm( [3 5 2 3], [1 2; 3 5] ) |

polyfit | Fit a polynomial to a set of points | polyfit( [1 2 3 5], [3 5 4 7], 3 ) |

roots | Find the roots of the given polynomial (including multiple roots.) | roots( [5 3 0 0 2] ) |

To evaluate the polynomial at a point, use the `polyval` function:

>> polyval( [3, 0, 4, 5], 3.2 ) ans = 116.1040 >> 3*3.2^3 + 4*3.2 + 5 ans = 116.1040

If the 2nd argument is a matrix, the polynomial is evaluated at each
of the points. To evaluate `3*A^3 + 4*A + 3*eye(size(A))`, see
`polyvalm`.

To subsitute a matrix into a polynomial and evaluate it, use the
`polyvalm` function:

>> A = [1 2; 3 4] >> polyvalm( [3, 0, 4, 5], [1 2; 3 4] ) ans = 120 170 255 375 >> 3*A^3 + 4*A + 5*eye(2) ans = 120 170 255 375