IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo, July-Aug. 2001
Adaptive Frame Prediction For Foveation Scalable Video Coding
1 IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY 10598
2 Laboratory for Image and Video Engineering (LIVE), Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712-1084
Abstract: Embedded rate scalable video coding allows for the extraction of coded visual information at continuously varying bit rates from a single compressed bitstream. This is a very attractive feature for many multimedia communication applications. Motion estimation (ME) /motion compensation (MC) techniques are widely employed in various video coding systems to reduce temporal information redundancy. One of the major challenging problems in ME/MC based rate scalable video coding is how to generate the prediction frame from the previous frame to match the current frame. This problem is more difficult in rate scalable coding than in fixed rate coding because the decoding data rate is unavailable to the encoder. We propose an adaptive frame prediction scheme for foveation scalable video coding (FSVC), which is a new video coding algorithm that combines a foveation-based human visual system (HVS) model with a wavelet-based rate scalable coding algorithm. The new frame prediction algorithm provides an adaptive mechanism to control the prediction errors while reduce error propagation.